Section 1: Aboriginal history and culture / History

Section 1: Aboriginal history and culture


Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for over 60,000 years and they have one of the oldest surviving cultures in the world.

Aboriginal peoples are the Traditional Custodians of Australia. They have the world’s oldest continuous living cultures, with diverse languages, customs, and cultural practices across different regions of Australia, and families are linked within a kinship structure.

It is believed there were 500–700 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural groups at the time of colonisation, each with its own culture and belief system, including for governance, traditions, language, and kinship. Aboriginal cultures and connections with land are strong and enduring, but colonisation has caused long-term intergenerational trauma.